Mechanical and physical principles of phacoemulsification and their clinical Significance

A clear comprehension of the mechanical and physical principles which govern phacoemulsification can facilitate usage of the technique for successful and efficient cataract removal in a variety of clinical circumstances. This article addresses individually, theories pertaining to the 3 essential elements of phacoemulsification, namely, irrigation, aspiration and emulsification. Machine settings are indicated for the various techniques presently being used. Last, alternative approaches for lens removal which are now being investigated are briefly discussed. visit the website

Benefits of phacoemulsification (phaco) specifically, diminished induced astigmatism, controlled intraocular maneuvers, and comparative stability of postoperative refraction, are well recognized. This process is hence rapidly gaining popularity and is very likely to be a commonly employed method for cataract removal in most parts of the planet in the near future.
Most physicians agree that there’s a definite learning curve whilst making the transition from manual extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation into phaco. This essentially stems from the fact that phaco is a surgical procedure requiring eye-hand-foot coordination and is a bimanual surgical process. Both of these can be easily mastered and several reports have revealed that the transition into phaco could be made out of good effects and minimal complications. phaco handpiece centurion

As well as the aforementioned factors, a third variable makes phaco a surgical procedure that is significantly different from extracapsular cataract extraction. In regards to the fact that several physical and mechanical factors principles govern phaco. Their comprehension is as important to the neophyte phaco surgeon as it’s to the surgeon conversant with phaco but needing to maximize surgical operation. This article seeks to address these fundamentals and draws clinical correlates that illustrate their significance.

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